Learn How to Sew With These Essential Fabric Terms and Definitions

Learn How to Sew With These Essential Fabric Terms and Definitions

If you are interested in learning how to sew, there are many resources available to you. These include books, videos, and tutorials. While it is always best to consult an expert before starting, there are several resources that will help you learn how to sew in a variety of ways.

Fabric terms

Many people are not sure what fabric terms they need to know when sewing. This post covers some common terms and definitions.

A yard is a measurement in yards. It is equal to 36 inches plus 3 inches.

The meter is a measurement in centimeters. It is a unit of measurement in the US.

There are two main ways to cut patterns. You can cut them diagonally, which allows you to manipulate around curves, or you can cut them on the straight grain.

If you want to add more fabric to your garment, you might consider underlining. Underlining adds weight and helps reinforce seams. However, it also hides construction details.

When laying out your pattern pieces, you need to place them perpendicular to the selvedge, which is a finished edge on the fabric. Also, you may need to line up pleats.

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A needle is an essential tool for sewing. It has many different types, each with its own purpose. In the simplest terms, a needle has a point, a shaft, and an eye. The point is the part of the needle that you use to push the thread through the fabric. Depending on the type of needle, it may have a curved or straight tip.

There are also needles that are used for decorative purposes. These include beading and embroidery needles. They have fine gauges and can accommodate multiple strands of embroidery floss. However, they are not designed to cut through the fabric.

You may need to experiment to find the right type for your project. For example, if you’re sewing a jeans, a ball point needle is best. This type is designed to pull the fabric through and prevent it from ripping.


Sewing thread is a type of yarn that is used for sewing. It is made from natural or synthetic fibers. These threads have a specific function, which is to join different components and form a seam.

When choosing a thread, the user should consider its functional properties, such as its tensile strength, abrasion resistance, and chemical resistance. These properties affect the quality of the seam, as well as the durability of the garment.

Choosing the right thread can be a daunting task. There are a variety of types to choose from, including silk, cotton, and polyester. Depending on the project, the material being sewn, and the desired finish, the user should pick a thread that suits his needs.

Sewing thread is usually treated with a surface coating or lubricant. These treatments increase abrasion resistance and help the thread retain its color and luster. They also add a protective layer, which helps prevent stains and water from seeping through the stitches.


There are many different types of sewing scissors, and choosing the right one can be confusing. It’s important to choose a good pair that will serve you well for a long time. The best ones should be easy to hold and use.

A serrated edge helps cut fabric more easily and smoothly. Sharper blades can give you a better thread cut, and they will last longer. However, a smooth-edged pair of scissors can be tricky to work with.

Whether you’re cutting paper, fabric, or anything in between, you’ll need to be careful. Stainless steel is a good material to choose for a sewing pair of scissors. It’s also tough, durable, and cuts all fabrics.

Another feature to look for in scissors is a spring-action design. This means that the blades open and close gently after each cut. Combined with the soft-grip handle, this design makes it easier to handle the material.


Whipstitch is a type of stitch used to join two pieces of fabric together. It’s also a great way to add strength to a seam. This is especially helpful if you’re working with a thick material.

The process is relatively simple. All you need is a bit of practice and a basting adhesive. Whether you’re making a stuffed animal, crocheting, or sewing a quilt, whipstitch will do the trick.

The needle is placed about three eighths of an inch from the raw edge of your fabric. You should be careful to not crease the fabric. If you need to, use a seam gauge to keep your stitches even.

First, tie a knot in the end of your thread. Next, insert your needle through the back of the last stitch. Pull the thread tight, but not too tightly.

Mark notches

When sewing garments, you will need to learn how to mark notches. Notches are little marks on fabric that allow you to accurately mark the seam line and ensure that you properly match up the seams. Taking the time to mark notches will prevent you from tearing or stretching your fabric during the construction process.

There are many different types of notches, including single, double and triple notches. The amount of notches you’ll need will depend on the complexity of the pattern you are working from.

Some notches are easy to draw, while others are more complex. For example, you can draw a notch that stretches from the edge of your fabric to the seam allowance. This method is great for sewing small and narrow seam allowances. Another type of notch is the T-shaped notch. These notches are two criss-cross lines that intersect at the seam allowance.

Slip stitch

Using Slip Stitch is an excellent way to make invisible seams on any garment. This stitch is usually used to hem a lining or finish the inside of a garment. It can also be used to attach a binding to a fabric edge.

When using Slip Stitch, you should be sure to keep the stitches even in length. You should also be sure not to pull the thread too tight. Using too much tension can cause your fabric to pucker.

To do a Slip Stitch, start by inserting the needle into the opposing fold of the fabric. Then, bring the needle up 1/4 inch away from the starting point. Repeat on the other side of the fabric.

After this, you should make a knot. Then, tie this knot in the last loop of the slip stitch. Once you have finished this, you are ready to remove the pin.


If you want to sew knitted pieces together, there are several ways to go about it. The most important thing to remember is that the process depends on the type of knitted fabric you are working with.

One of the easiest and quickest ways to do this is the top stitch. This stitch adds a slight ridge to the seam, and is ideal for light knits.

Other stitches used to sew knitting together include the backstitch, mattress stitch, and whip stitch. All of these methods involve holding the knit pieces together and pulling on the yarn. Some of these methods also use a darning needle to hold the yarn.

The first thing you need to do to complete this task is to make sure that you have the correct tools on hand. You will need a blunt needle and thread for your knitting piece.

Industrial revolution

A major contribution to the Industrial Revolution was the invention of sewing machines. This invention greatly altered the way clothes were made and increased the speed at which garments could be produced.

Before the sewing machine, women made their clothes by hand. In the 19th century, this meant that housewives would spend several days a month making their family’s clothes.

As the textile industry developed, cheaper fabrics were manufactured. This revolution made clothing more affordable. Clothing factories also produced products more quickly.

The sewing machine became popular because of its ability to make a wide range of pieces. Clothing factories reduced labor by eliminating manual sewing work.

By 1846, Elias Howe had patented the first sewing machine. He invented a machine that stitched seven times faster than a seamstress using hands. Howe was able to sell his machines to businessmen for $100 apiece. These machines were then placed in homes and factories. They became popular because they saved women from the arduous process of sewing.